How to Build a Round Pen

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Wooden Round Pen Plans

Your horses will be safer in a circular enclosure, and they will be less likely to run away. They may also assist you in becoming a better horse trainer. Because you can stand in the middle of the circular pen and guide your horse to work around you, round penning is an excellent approach to improve your horse’s body language abilities. However, no more than one horse should be in the round enclosure at a time.

Preparing the Pen Area

1. Determine the size of the pen. A 50-foot (15.24-meter) enclosure is adequate for lunging a horse, but if you want to ride and train your horse in the pen, you need construct a 60-foot (18.28-meter) to 80-foot (24.38-meter) circular pen.

  • The most typical circular pen diameter is 60 feet. However, depending on how much space you and your horse want, you may build a pen with a circumference ranging from 40 to 120 feet.

2. Locate a flat, high area of land. Choose a location that isn’t prone to floods. The circular pen should have a strong ground with proper drainage that does not collect water.

  • You may hire a small bulldozer to remove any pebbles and level the ground if it isn’t level.
  • You may also attempt to manually remove any pebbles or trash. It’s critical that the space be level and smooth so that your horse doesn’t get hurt when walking around the enclosure.

3. Calculate the size of the region. Begin in the middle of the pen and trace a precise circle with a measuring tape. Make careful to include the gate in your calculations.

  • The pen’s walls or rail fences should be at least 4 feet high, with just one tiny gate. The gate should be built in such a way that just one horse may enter and depart comfortably.

4. Make the place more comfortable to walk on. Tilling the soil is a less expensive alternative, but you could also use sand, wood shavings, or shredded rubber, or a mix of materials.

  • To utilise dirt, follow these steps: With a garden tiller, loosen the soil to a depth of at least 4 inches. Because soil compacts with usage and may form a hard top layer that might hurt your horse’s legs, you may need to till the footing often. Keep in mind that the soil will turn to mud in wet conditions, and you won’t be able to use the pen if it’s dirty.
  • To utilise sand, put down a layer of gravel first. Distribute the gravel using a shovel or rake. Then, using the rake, spread a layer of sand on top of the gravel. Sand offers adequate drainage and a cushioned surface. It’s a wonderful alternative for wetter climates.
  • If you’re going to use wood shavings or mulch, start with a layer of pebbles. Then, on top of the gravel, add a layer of wood shavings or mulch. Because they provide a cushion over the ground, these materials provide adequate footing. They may get slick if they become too moist. They also have a tendency to degrade quickly and turn into soil over time.
  • Begin by layering gravel on top of the shredded rubber. Then, on top of the gravel, put a layer of shredded rubber. Shredded rubber aids with water drainage and offers stable footing. High gusts, on the other hand, might blow the rubber pieces out of the pen.
  • Using a variety of materials: To aid drainage, start with a coarse layer, such as gravel. Then, to keep the top layer from washing away, apply a finer layer of wood shavings or crushed rubber. On give your horse solid footing, add a cushioning layer of sand to the top.
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5. Decide what kind of material you’ll use to make the pen. When making a pen, you have two materials to choose from:

  • Posts and rails made of wood: Depending on the cost of timber at your local hardware shop or lumberyard, this is usually the cheapest alternative. In the event that your horse collides with the rails, they are flexible. They will, however, shatter under excessive strain and may injure your horse if they do. The safer the enclosure is, the broader the wood rails are.
  • Steel pipe panels that have been manufactured: Although this alternative is more expensive, the panels are portable, quick to install, and can be resized as needed. They’re also quite tough and can tolerate a lot of abuse. If you or your horse slips inside these panels, however, they will not “give.” To prevent a horse from trapping a foot, neck, or halter in the gap, most metal panel manufacturers have modified the corner shape of the corral panel from rounded to square.

Using Wooden Posts

1. Calculate how many posts the pen will need. For a particular round pen diameter, the number of posts required equals pi (3.14) times the diameter divided by the desired distance between the posts. Unless you’re building an extremely huge pen, multiplying by 3 instead of 3.14 will give you an approximate estimate.

  • Divide 120 by 9 to obtain 13.3, for example, if your pen is 40 feet by 3 feet or has a circle of 120 feet and you want 9 feet between each post. For the pen, you’ll need 13 posts (plus one extra post just in case).
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2. Gather your supplies. Now that you know how many posts your pen will need, go to your local hardware shop and purchase:

  • Treated wooden posts with a diameter of 7″ (you may need to go to a lumberyard)
  • Wooden planks that have been pressure treated (about 150 3/4-inch by 6-inch by 16-foot)
  • Mixture of concrete (one bag for each post)
  • Electric braid on a 660-foot spool
  • A post hole digger powered by gasoline (you can also rent this or dig the holes manually)
  • Nails
  • A hammer

3. First, dig the holes for the gate posts. Make holes for the gate using the post hole digger, depending on how broad you want your gate to be. Starting with the gate posts as a marker will enable you to work your way around them.

  • Ideally, the holes should be 2-3 feet deep.
  • Place the gate posts perpendicular to the ground in the holes. Then, using cement, fill up the holes.

4. For the other posts, dig holes. If you have rough terrain, it may be advisable to space the posts farther apart so you don’t have to drill as many holes.

  • Insert the posts into the holes and cement them in place.

5. Soak the pressure-treated boards in water until they’re malleable and mushy. Attach them to the insides of the posts to create a sturdy wall. To uniformly distribute the pressure, stagger the boards on the posts. To hide the seams at the posts, cut the remaining boards to the height of your fence and attach them vertically to the inside.

  • Instead of utilising wooden planks, you may use electric braid to make a more open pen. Connect the posts with 4-5 strands of electric braid. You may use more or fewer strands of braid depending on the height of the posts.
  • To avoid drooping between the posts, make sure the braid has proper tension.
  • You could wish to add a wooden top railing to the pen to give it a more solid look.
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6. Place the gate in place. A gate wide enough for a horse to enter and exit the enclosure but not large enough for a tractor or many horses to pass through is required.

  • Make a braided gate out of wood or wood.
  • Hang the gate from the gate posts you made previously.
  • To the gate, attach a wooden or braided latch.
  • You may also buy metal or wood gates that are already built.

7. Keep the wooden pen in good condition. They should stand up nicely if you utilised pressured lumber or treated wood posts. To keep the wood posts and rails in good shape, you may prime, stain, or paint them.

Using Steel Pipe Panels

1. Calculate how many panels you’ll need. To get the circumference of the pen, multiply the diameter of the area by 3.14. After that, double the circumference by the length of the panels you’ll be using.

  • For instance, if you want to build a 60 foot pen out of 10 foot panels, multiply 60 by 3.14 to obtain a diameter of 188.4. To obtain 18.84, divide 188.4 by 10 (panel length). For a somewhat bigger than 60 foot pen, you’ll need 19 panels.
  • If you’re planning to add a separate gate piece, remember to account for its length when determining the pen’s overall diameter.

2. Panels may be purchased online or at a pet supply shop. Look for panels that are composed of high-quality galvanised steel with a rust-resistant clear coat finish.

3. In the pen area, set up the panels. Place them on their sides so that the inner and outside tabs are aligned.

  • A fast pin latch mechanism with built-in pins is available on certain panels. This prevents the pins from being dislodged when the panels are moved.

4. Place two panels side by side on a table. Double-check that the tabs are overlapping.

5. To connect the tabs, place the panel pin between them. Continue with the remaining panels until they’re all in place.

  • Mud legs will be used on several panels to keep them from sinking into the ground.

6. Keep the steel pen in your hand. The panels should not readily come apart if they are composed of high-quality steel with a decent finish. Rust should be avoided at all costs. If the panels begin to rust, use a rust-resistant paint to coat them.

  • Simply wipe the panels clean with a towel if they get filthy.

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