Once upon a time, the level of competence possessed by carpenters was evaluated based on the projects they had worked on, the items that were kept in their tool boxes, and their capacity to construct stairs. Building porch stairs does need a certain amount of ability, but it is still well within the capabilities of the typical person who does their own home repairs.
1 . Acquaint yourself with the individual components that make up a series of stages.
- The rise refers to the height of the porch that you will require, as well as the stairs.
- The entire distance that the steps travel, measured from one end of the porch to the other, is referred to as the run.
- The tread and riser are often fastened to stringers, which are planks of pressure-treated wood measuring 2 inches by 12 inches (5.1 cm by 30.5 cm). You may purchase stringers that have already been cut at almost any lumber or home improvement shop.
- The treads are treated wood planks measuring 2 inches by 6 inches (5.1 centimeters by 15.2 centimeters), and they are laid out parallel to one another to make a single step that is roughly 10.5 inches (26.7 centimeters) broad.
- A riser, which is a board measuring 1 by 8 inches (2.5 by 20.3 centimeters) and resembles a toe board, will need to be attached to the rear or upright part of the step. The typical height of a step is between 15 and 20 centimeters (6 and 8 inches).
Building the Porch Steps
1. Determine the order of the stages using the formula (how long they will be). In addition to this, examine the local codes to see if they have any requirements or permits pertaining to handrails.
2. Using a level that is 4 feet (1.2 meters) in height and is placed on the top of the porch, take the measurement from the level’s base to the ground.
- First, take the overall height, and then divide that number by the riser’s height. This provides you with the total number of steps that are required.
- It is important to keep in mind that the riser height ranges anywhere from 15.2 to 20.3 centimeters high on average. As an example, the height of 35 inches (88.9 cm) divided by the riser height of 7 inches (17.8 cm) would result in the creation of 5 equal steps.
- Remember to take into account the blocking or apron that will be located at the foot of the steps to provide support for the stairs.
3. Take 5 steps and multiply that number by 10.5 inches (26.7 cm). This will provide you with the run (or length) of the stairs, measuring from the front of the porch to the bottom of the stairs. The run length in this instance is 52.5 inches (1.33 m).
4. By using a carpenter’s square, you may lay out the steps that will be cut from the stringer.
- Set up the square by clamping a straight edge at the 7-inch (17.8 cm) point on the short outer part of the square. This will ensure that the square is accurate.
- At that time, the mark that corresponds to 10.5 inches (26.7 cm) will be located on the long outer part of the square.
5. After positioning the square along the stringer’s edge, begin noting the five steps from the terminus of the stringer.
6. You may cut the steps out with a circular saw, and then square up the ends of the stringer so that they meet the steps. After ensuring that all of your measurements have been thoroughly double checked and that they are plainly visible, you may proceed to use the saw. Take note that the circular saw will not allow you to cut all the way through the material. Use either a hand saw or a jigsaw to complete the cut.
7. Make a pattern out of the first stringer that you cut out by using it as a guide. Now, make a note of the remaining stringers that you need. For the sake of the structure’s integrity, the distance between the stringers shouldn’t be greater than 16 inches (40.6 cm). A stair that is 4 feet wide (1.2 meters) requires you to have 4 stringers.
8. Metal stringer hangers and deck screws of 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) in length should be used to secure the stringers to the porch.
- As you go along, check to see that they are perpendicular to one another and at the same level.
- It is essential that the bottoms of the stringers are not laying on bare ground but rather on a brick foundation or a concrete pad instead.
9. Deck screws of 2.5 inches (6.4 centimeters) in length are used to secure the riser board once it has been cut to the required length and breadth.
10. Again cutting the treads to length, install them parallel to each other with a distance of 1/8 inch (3 mm) between each board. The treads should measure 2 inches by 6 inches (5.1 centimeters by 15.2 centimeters).
11. Deck screws of 2.5 inches (6.4 centimeters) in length should be used to attach the treads to the stringers.
12. Complete the look by applying a water-resistant deck stain or outside porch paint.
Can you buy ready made steps?
We provide prefab stairs that are durable and long-lasting stair solutions for your area, regardless of whether your project will take place inside or outside. With prefabricated steps that are delivered right to your front door, you get the kind of convenience that you would anticipate.
What is the best wood to use for outdoor steps?
In construction projects such as deck stairs, basement steps, and steps that lead to rear porches and barns, treated lumber is an excellent material to use. The durability and longevity of treated timber can’t be beat. Due to its superior resistance to rot compared to that of most wood products, it is always a good idea to utilize it for ground contact.
How much do porch steps cost?
Around $2,000 is the typical price for a set of concrete stairs. Most projects run between $900 and $5,000. The range that your pricing falls within is determined by the size and number of steps that your staircase has to have. Including the cost of supplies and labor, pouring cement into a step that is 2 feet broad and 11 inches deep costs around $300.
Are stair stringers 2×10 or 2×12?
However, a stair stringer should not be less than 3.5 inches wide at its narrowest point in order to provide adequate strength for the load that the stairs will be supporting. It is acceptable and within the guidelines of the building code to use either 2×10 or 2×12 dimensional lumber to create a set of stairs.
Can you build steps without stringers?
When it comes to really broad steps, a standard staircase that’s constructed with stringers may not be the best option. Box stairs, on the other hand, are the recommended alternative because of their ease of construction and adaptability to varying depths. Steps that do not have stringers are the best option to choose if your deck is low and you simply need a few stairs or perhaps just one of them.
Can you buy prefab wooden steps?
You may very certainly purchase prefabricated deck steps. There is an alternative out there for everyone, whether they are searching for a long-term solution or a short remedy to their problem. Similar to other kinds of stairs, prefabricated deck stairs may be purchased from any store or online retailer that offers prefabricated stair kits, such as Paragon Stairs.