A daisy chain is a method of connecting many light fixtures to the same circuit. It’s handy for recessed lighting, lighting up rooms, and connecting many lights to the same switch. To begin, always switch off all power and ensure that no current is going into the room. Then, connect the new hot and neutral wires to the old light fixtures. Connect the new light fixture’s cables to the new wiring. Continue in this manner until all of the lights have been fitted. How to Daisy Chain Lights?
How to Daisy Chain Lights: Taking Safety Precautions
1. Obtain any permissions required for electrical work. Your local municipality may demand an electrical permit if you are undertaking wire work in your house. Inform your local zoning board about the job you’re conducting. If a permit is required, go through the procedure of acquiring one before beginning the job. Do not attempt to work on your house unless you have a permission. If you’re caught, you might face a hefty fine. In addition, if you make a mistake and cause damage, your insurance company may refuse to pay it if you didn’t obtain a permit.
- If you’re only daisy-chaining lights as a pastime or activity and aren’t working on your house wiring, you generally don’t need a permit.
- If you’re unsure if this task necessitates permits, consult a local electrician.
2. Determine the load on your light switch to determine how many bulbs it can sustain. Wattage is a unit of measurement for the amount of electricity that flows from a switch. Remove the plate cover from the wall and inspect the switch. On the switch, the wattage is shown. Then divide that figure by the wattage of the bulbs you’re using to find out how many lights you can attach to this chain. The most often used switch wattages are 300, 600, and 1,000. This indicates that if you use 100 watt lights, these switches may accommodate 3, 6, and 10 bulbs, respectively.
- Make sure you’re looking at the switch’s wattage measurement. Switches may also be used to indicate amps and volts. These are two distinct metrics.
- Light switches should never be overloaded. This is exceedingly hazardous and will result in a fire. Install a new switch first if you require more lights than the switch can handle.
3. Turn off the electricity to the room where you’re working. Never work on wiring without first shutting off the power. Locate the fuse box in your house. Locate the fuse that links to the room you’re working in and turn it off.
- On the inside lid of your breaker box, there may be a wiring diagram indicating which sections each fuse links to. Use this as a guide to find the correct fuse.
- If you can’t find the correct fuse, turn the master switch in the center to the Off position. Keep in mind that this will turn off the electricity to your whole house.
4. To ensure there is no current, use a voltmeter to test the wires. Because you’ll be working with wires, take all steps to ensure that no electricity is flowing to your work area. If you’ve previously removed the light fixture, go to the light switch. Connect the voltmeter’s black node to the black wire and the red node to the white wire. If the voltmeter registers zero, the wires are not live.
- If a volt reading is obtained, do not operate on the wires. Check to ensure that you have switched off the correct circuit breaker.
- If you are unable to halt the flow of power into the room, contact a professional electrician to evaluate your wiring.
How to Daisy Chain Lights: Connecting the Wires
1. If you’re wiring a room, replace the light fixtures. One of the most frequent reasons for daisy chaining lights is to power multiple light fixtures in a space. Install the new fixtures before working on the wiring if this is the case. Cut a hole in the ceiling or wall drywall. The fixture housing should then be screwed into position. Continue with the wiring when this is finished. Before cutting through the ceiling, check sure there are no objects above it. Drill a hole in the center of each fixture and insert a piece of wire or hanger. Look around for any impediments. After you’ve established that the way is clear, cut the hole.
2. Disconnect the first light fixture’s hot and neutral wires. Each light fixture is wired with a hot and neutral cable. The hot wire is usually black, whereas the neutral wire is white. To liberate the wires, remove the screws that hold them to the fixture.
- If nothing else is holding the light fixture in place, hold on to it while you remove the cables.
- The wires may already be pigtailed, which means they’ve been twisted together before being attached to the light fixture. This facilitates daisy-chaining. Remove the wire nuts that are holding the wires together to detach them. Then untangle the wire ends from one another.
3. Make new cables 6 in (15 cm) greater than the distance required to reach the next fixture. Always allow additional length between the two light fixtures you’re connecting, no matter how far apart they are. Add 6 inches to the length of the wires you require (15 cm). At this stage, cut the cables.
- If you have any extra wire after you’re finished, just coil it up in the light fixture.
- Colors should not be mixed. White wires should always be used for neutral and black wires for hot.
4. Each new wire should have 1 inch (2.5 cm) of insulation removed from the ends. Use a white and a black wire for each fixture. Shave 1 inch (2.5 cm) off each end of the wires using a wire stripper. Repeat this procedure for each wire used in this project.
5. Connect the cables using pigtails. Take the original power source hot wire, the hot wire connecting to the fixture, and the replacement hot wire. Twist all three ends together. Leave one end of the new wire free so you may connect it to the next light fixture. Then, using a wire nut, secure the three wire tips. Repeat with the three neutral wires.
- If the fixture isn’t already pigtailed, you’ll need to create one. Disconnect the fixture’s hot and neutral wires. Attach another 3 inch (7.6 cm) length of white and black wire to the fixture. Then connect those wires to the original hot and neutral wires as well as the ones you’re connecting to the next fixture.
- The benefit of pigtailing is that if one light burns out, the remaining lights in the chain will continue to function. If all of the cables are connected directly to the fixture, the electric current will be cut off if the light burns out.
6. Connect the new light fixture’s hot and neutral wires. If you’re installing new lights in a room, the cables will almost certainly have to be routed through the ceiling. Feed the wire up and over to the new fixture. Then go to the other fixture and remove the wire from the ceiling.
- If you don’t want to work through the walls and ceiling, you may staple the wire to the wall.
- When daisy-chaining fixtures that aren’t in the ceiling or wall, just connect the wire to the new fixture.
7. Connect the new fixture’s hot and neutral wires. If this is the final fixture in the chain, connect the wires to it directly. Connect the hot and neutral wires to the hot and neutral sides, respectively. Most fixtures have these indicated. The wires should next be wrapped around the fixture screws and tightened to complete the connection.
If you’re attaching other fixtures after this one, use pigtails till the final one.
8. Connect the ground wire to the new lighting fixtures. Look for a bare copper wire in the original light fixture. This is the earth wire. Another bare wire should be wrapped around the ground and routed to the next fixture. Wrap the grounding wire around the designated grounding screw to secure it to the fixture. Continue to connect the ground wires to all of the new fixtures you’re putting in.
- Green rubber is sometimes wrapped around ground wires. This is determined by the local codes.
- In addition, some municipal laws require ground wires to be linked with a nut rather than twisted together. For the right method, see the local rules.
9. Reconnect the electricity and test the chain. Return to your breaker box and re-energize the fuses for this room. Then, turn on the light switch and check to see whether the lights operate. If they do, your daisy chain was a success.
- If the lights aren’t working, switch off the power and double-check the connections. Check that all of the cables are in the proper places and have a secure connection.
- Never troubleshoot electricity without first shutting it off.
Is it OK to daisy chain lights?
Multiple light fixtures may be connected to the same electrical circuit using a daisy chain. It may be used for recessed lighting, as well as for lighting up rooms and connecting several lights to a single switch. As a first step, you should always switch off all of the power and make sure that there is no current going into the room.
How many LED lights can you daisy chain?
There is no maximum number of bulbs that may be connected to a single circuit. The load of the fixtures is what defines the maximum number of lights that may be supported by a circuit. There is a limit of 1400W that may be linked to a standard 15A circuit that has lighting loads attached to it. A lighting load of 1400 watts may support either one fixture of 1400 watts or fourteen fixtures of 100 watts each. How to Daisy Chain Lights?
Can LED lights be daisy-chained?
In order to create a daisy chain with the tube lights, you will need to ensure that the male end of the fixture that comes before it is connected to the female end of the fixture that comes after it. Additionally, the number of LED tubes that may be connected to a fixture will be determined by the voltage of the power source that is used as well as the wattage of the fixture.