Plumeria is a gorgeous tropical blooming plant that comes in a range of hues and may be grown inside or outdoors depending on the circumstances. You may cultivate your own plumeria plant from cuttings or broken branches from a mature plant. To begin, cut the branch, strip it of most of its leaves, and dry it before planting it in the appropriate potting material. You may produce your own plumeria plant from cuttings if you follow the appropriate processes and utilize the right supplies.
Stripping and Drying the Cutting
1. Use thick, robust cuttings that are 12 inches (30 cm) or greater in length. To take a cutting, cut a thick, healthy-looking branch from a mature plumeria plant using garden shears or a saw. Target branches that are brown or deeper green because they indicate maturity. If you’re doing the cuts yourself, take them in the spring or early summer.
To avoid spreading germs or illness to your plumeria cuttings, clean your garden shears with rubbing alcohol.
You may also get cuttings from garden centers or online.
2. Remove the blooms and leaves off the branch. Flowers and leaves will compete with new root development, preventing your cutting from growing. To avoid this, clip any leaves or blooms from your cutting using disinfected hand shears or scissors. Put on gloves because plumeria sap is sticky and may get on your hands.
3. For 1-2 weeks, store the cuttings in a shaded location. Before planting the plumeria, the cuttings must be dried. Allowing the cuttings to sit for 1-2 weeks allows the recently cut end to callous and the remainder of the cutting to dry.
For optimal results, place the cuttings in a warm or humid environment.
4. Plumeria cuttings may be planted or stored. The plumeria cuttings are ready for planting after they have calloused and dried. Wrap and fasten the cut end of the cutting with plastic wrap and a rubber band if you want to store it before planting. Dried cuttings may be kept for 2-3 months. Any cuttings that exhibit symptoms of illness or mold should be discarded.
Planting the Plumeria Cutting
1. For each cutting, get a 1 gallon (3.8 l) or bigger pot. The size of the pot will restrict the size of your plumeria. Your container will also need drainage holes on the bottom to prevent water from pooling and rotting your cutting.
- Even if you want to transfer the plumeria outside, you should start the cutting inside.
- Each plumeria cutting will need its own pot.
2. Fill a container halfway with perlite and halfway with fast-draining potting soil. Fast-draining potting soil may be found online or at a gardening shop. Mix the perlite and potting soil well to ensure complete incorporation. Fill the container 1 inch (2.5 cm) from the brim to provide adequate medium for the cutting to grow in and to avoid overflow while watering.
Mold and fungus will not grow on your cutting if you use a fast-draining potting mix.
3. To dampen the soil, pour water over it. The water in the pot should drain via the drainage holes on the bottom. If the water does not drain, try a lighter, more porous potting mixture.
To help with drainage, you may add 1 part vermiculite to the potting mixture.
4. If desired, dip the cutting’s tip with root growth hormone. While not strictly essential, root development hormone will aid in the formation of first roots from your cutting. Powdered rooting hormone may be purchased online or at a gardening shop. Dip the cut end of the cutting into a cup of water first, then into the root growth hormone powder, coating 1–2 inches (2.5–5.1 cm) of the cutting.
Dip the cutting in water initially to assist the growth powder adhere to the cutting.
5. In the container, insert the cutting 3–4 inches (7.6–10.2 cm) into the soil. Insert the cut end of the cutting into the soil in the pot’s middle. To assist keep the cutting in place, add extra potting mix to the top of the soil. Pack the soil around the cutting to prevent it from shifting or moving as the roots develop.
Pushing the cutting 3–4 inches (7.6–10.2 cm) into the soil will provide ample space for the roots to develop.
6. To support huge cuts, use stakes. If your cutting is too enormous and tipping over, add a stake to hold it upright in the pot. In the container, insert a stake deep into the dirt. Then, using wire or twine, secure the stake to the cutting. This will assist keep the cutting in place while the roots grow.
7. Place the plumeria in a warm location and let it to root. A plumeria takes 4-8 weeks to establish itself. Place the container on a seedling pad to warm the soil and stimulate root growth. When you see fresh buds sprouting on the top of the cutting, you’ll know it’s growing.
Plumeria should be maintained at temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit (16 degrees Celsius).
Caring for Plumeria
1. Water your plumeria at least once a week with 1 inch (2.5 cm) of water. You don’t need to water the plumeria if it rains often and you leave it outdoors. If your location is experiencing a drought or the plumeria is kept inside, saturate the top of the soil well and let the water drain out of the bottom of the pot once a week. Do not overwater your plumeria or it will die. Water is not required if the soil 1 inch (2.5 cm) deep feels damp.
2. Place your plant in a location that receives 6-8 hours of direct sunshine every day. Flower buds will not develop if your plumeria does not get enough sunshine. Place the plant in direct sunshine if you’re going to be outdoors.
If you decide to plant the plumeria outdoors, keep it in the pot.
3. If the temperature falls below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius), bring your plumeria indoors. Plumeria can not tolerate chilly temperatures well. While plumeria may thrive in room temperature circumstances, frost and cold can kill the plant or induce it to hibernate. Bring your plant inside when it gets too chilly to avoid this.
If your plumeria has been planted in the ground, it will go into an usual 3-month dormancy period when the weather turns cold.
4. During the growth season, spray fertilizer on the plant every 1-3 weeks. Buy an organic plant-based fertilizer designed exclusively for plumeria or tropical plants. Liquid fertilizer may be purchased at a gardening shop or online. During the spring and summer, thoroughly spray the cutting’s leaves and stem, then cease feeding the plant in the autumn and winter.
- Follow the label’s directions for mixing or diluting the fertilizer.
- Spritzing the plumeria with liquid fertilizer throughout the growth season will stimulate the blooms to blossom.
- Watering with diluted fertilizer will also promote good growth. Avoid over-fertilizing, although flowers need a consistent feeding every 1-3 weeks.
5. Pruning your plumeria may help shape it and eliminate dead branches. Use alcohol to sterilize your pruning shears. Then, remove the branch 1 inch (2.5 cm) off the plant’s main stem and compost or discard the branches. You may trim your plumeria to minimize disease spread or to prevent branches from growing in an unfavorable direction.
6. If the plant is infected, spray it with a mild horticultural oil. A mild horticultural oil spray (1 percent solution) helps keep mites and flies away from your plumeria. Spray the horticultural oil over the leaves and main stem.
- If the leaves curl, this is an indication of an aphid infestation, therefore spray the plant with a Malathion solution.
- Avoid exposing your plant to excessive heat before or after spraying it.
- To avoid infestations, insecticidal soap may be used, but it must be reapplied every week.
Can you root plumeria cuttings in water?
A plumeria tree tolerates mild shade and thrives in pots. In the spring, stem cuttings are used to grow plants that are faithful to the parent. With equal effectiveness, plumeria cuttings may be grown in soil or water.
How long does it take a plumeria to root from a cutting?
Water your cuttings immediately after planting them, then let them dry for several weeks. Overwatering them at this time might lead them to decay. Place the containers in a location that gets full sun or a little shade. Roots should appear between 60 to 90 days.
Do I allow plumeria cuttings to dry before planting?
Allow the cuttings to dry until the cut end is firm, which may take anywhere from one week in warm climes to two weeks or more in colder climates. Depending on the cultivar, cuttings may be preserved for weeks or even months. The sooner they are planted after being thoroughly callused, the better.
How long does it take for plumeria cuttings to bloom?
Plumeria plants produced from cuttings may blossom in one to three years. Trees developed from seeds, on the other hand, may bloom three years after they are planted.
Why is my plumeria not rooting?
Overwatering may be preventing your plumeria cutting from roots. The soil should always be maintained dry and should never be moist. What exactly is this? Furthermore, the roots grow best in soil temperatures ranging from 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Do plumerias need full sun?
Plumeria grow best in pots in this climate since they need shelter from temperatures below 33 degrees. Place your Plumeria in at least 6-8 hours in direct sunlight, with some afternoon shade if required. These plants need a well-drained potting soil, such as Fox Farm Happy Frog potting soil.