When it comes to collecting marijuana cultivated at home, female plants are the way to go. Female plants not only produce the desired buds required for therapeutic applications, but they also have greater potency and THC concentration than male plants. You’re in excellent hands—we’ve laid out all you need to know about recognizing female and male marijuana plants so you can simply maximize your homegrown yield.
Method 1: Identifying Male Plants
1. Male plants have larger, sturdier stems with fewer leaves. In general, a male plant has a thicker stem than a female plant of the same strain. This is due to the fact that it grows higher than female plants and must be able to hold the weight. In addition, they have less leaves than female plants.
2. From July through September, sex your plants on a regular basis. Allowing male plants to pollinate can significantly reduce the potential yield of your female plants. This is because, once fertilized, female plants expend their energy developing seeds rather than THC, resulting in a lesser crop. If you are growing plants inside, you will most likely be seeing them on a frequent basis, so the following checks should be simple.
- You must inspect each plant to discover if it is male or female, since a single rogue male might ruin your crop.
- Male plants often display their sex 7-10 days (indoors) or 3 weeks (outdoors) before female plants.
3. Examine the stalk’s joints for male blooms. Male plants are identified by the little balls that form on the stalk’s joints (where the other branches meet the main stalk). These blooms produce pollen and must be eliminated to provide a better yield.
- If you want to grow more plants or reproduce, you must leave these balls alone.
- Female plants have similar bulbs as well, but they also contain long, transparent hairs. If there are just 1-2 on a plant, wait to see if more develop before cutting them.
4. Recognize the existence of hermaphroditic (both sexes) plants, which should be treated as males. Marijuana plants may produce both sexes. If you see any of the tell-tale male buds, clip them like you would a regular male plant. They will still produce pollen that will harm your crop.
“Hermies” are typically unwanted plants, and their pollen may spoil a little crop if you’re not cautious.
5. Unless you especially desire seeds, discard or remove male plants. Once you’ve confirmed that a plant is male, you must remove it or risk ruining your harvest. Do not attempt to remove the buds by hand, since even a few will severely reduce your yield. While most farmers discard the plants, a minority maintain them for breeding reasons. If you do, keep the males in a different room from the females and avoid tracking pollen from the male to the female chamber on your clothing or hands.
Method 2: dentifying Female Plants
1. Allow the plants to develop for about six weeks before sexing them. Male and female marijuana plants will be identical in the first 6 weeks of existence. You won’t be able to tell them apart until they start growing their sex organs later on.
You may also buy “feminized” seeds, which produce almost 100 percent female plants. However, mistakes may occur, and you should still keep a watchful check on your plants to ensure there are no renegade males.
2. On a mature female plant, notice the bigger bodies of the leaves as compared to males. When attempting to sex mature plants, one of the most obvious clues is how bushy they become. Male plants have larger, more robust stems and fewer leaves. Females of the same strain are shorter and bushier, with more leaves, particularly at the top.
3. Look for tiny, transparent hairs in the stalk’s joints. Once the plant has developed enough, a female will begin to blossom. Tiny, transparent hairs known as pistils emerge from a small, tear-shaped bud hidden in the juncture where the branches meet the main stalk. There will often be “growth tips,” which are new branches and groupings of leaves that are developing as well.
- Male plants will have little buds (pollen sacs) but no accompanying hair sprouting out of them.
- Plants may produce pollen sacs as well as pistils. If it does, it is hermaphrodite and should be handled as such.
4. Keep your ladies apart from any males, since only females produce buds. Only female plants generate enough THC to be utilized as medication, although they produce little if fertilized. The pistil’s purpose is to attract pollen. If it receives it, it will produce a seed, and all of the plant’s energy and resources will be concentrated on producing seeds rather than producing large, THC-rich buds. Only your female plants will produce a crop if they are kept apart from the males.
When can you tell if your plant is a male or female?
Male plants are often higher than female plants and have longer, sturdier stems to sustain their weight. Male plants, on the other hand, have fewer leaves than female plants, which are shorter and bushier.
What makes a male marijuana plant?
Male cannabis plants produce pollen sacs rather than buds. Male plants are often removed because they fertilize the females, which produces seeds—no one wants to smoke buds that contain seeds. Males are essential in the breeding process, however this is better left to skilled breeders.