Wall Jack for Internet
If you want to install a new Ethernet jack to one of your home’s walls, you may save some money by doing it yourself. With the correct equipment and knowledge, installing a network jack is surprisingly simple and takes just a few minutes. Begin by locating a suitable place for your jack, taking into account the location of your networking gear as well as the rest of the room’s layout. After that, draw and cut out a hole for the wall plate that will be used to install the jack. After that, all you have to do is run an Ethernet cable between the outlet and your modem and attach it to a particular connector that fits inside the jack.
Creating an Outlet
1. Locate your Ethernet jack in a suitable position. Scan the room for an available area near an electrical outlet, ideally low on the wall. Determine the precise position of the stud nearest to the outlet using an electronic stud finder. Your Ethernet jack may be installed on either side of this stud or either side of the next stud in the row.
- The place you choose should, ideally, be free of nearby impediments and give a clear route for you to run your Ethernet wire afterwards.
- Most Internet technicians advise placing a new network jack a few inches away from an existing outlet to create symmetry and reduce the amount of potentially unsightly wire fixtures on the rest of the wall.
Consider where the network gear provided by your internet service provider is stationed in your house when deciding the optimal position for your jack. To make the procedure of running and connecting your Ethernet connection as simple as possible, place your jack as near to this location as feasible.
2. Make a mark on the wall where you want the jack to go. Draw a little ‘X’ where the jack will go using a pencil. Don’t get too hung up on the precise positioning of the mounting bracket; you’ll be able to make any required modifications after you’ve marked the exact spot.
Make your mark noticeable and black enough so you won’t have to look for it while you’re doing other things.
3. Trace around the inside of the marking with your mounting bracket. Run the tip of your pencil down the inside edge of the wall plate mounting bracket for your network jack once you’ve positioned it where you want it. You’ll have a rough shape to serve as a template for cutting the hole for the wall plate when you’re finished.
- Line up the wall mounting bracket with the nearest electrical outlet as evenly as possible.
- If needed, use a bubble level to confirm that your outline’s top and bottom borders are absolutely parallel to the floor.
4. Any electrical circuits in the near area should be turned off. Turn the switch corresponding to the outlet you’ve selected to place your network jack next to at your building’s main circuit breaker panel or electrical control box. Because you’ll be working near by, you’ll be less likely to be electrocuted.
- Individual circuits on your breaker panel should be clearly labeled.
- If you’re installing an Ethernet jack someplace other than your own house, you may need some help locating the appropriate breaker.
- An electronic circuit breaker finder may assist you figure out which breaker to flick if your breakers aren’t labeled or have been labeled wrongly by accident.
5. Using a utility knife, cut around the outline you just made. To ensure that your lines are crisp and exact, carefully score the outline. Then run over each line many times more, increasing the pressure each time. The extra drywall will easily fall out after a few passes, leaving you with a lovely clean hole for your Ethernet jack’s wall plate.
- If you want, you may use a drywall saw to carve out the outline for your wall plate.
- Make sure the hole isn’t too large. You can always increase it if you cut it too tiny, but if it ends up being bigger than the mounting bracket for the wall plate, you’re out of luck.
Running Cable to the Jack
1. If required, drill a hole in the floor or ceiling behind your jack outlet. You may need to run your Ethernet connection up or down a level to its termination point, depending on where your Internet equipment is situated. Bore a hole precisely above or below the outlet aperture you just created behind the wall using a power drill and a 12 in (1.3 cm) drill bit. This will allow the wire from your networking gear to be routed to the new jack.
The infrastructure that offers wired Internet connection is often located in the attic, basement, or crawl space under your house.
2. Connect your networking gear to the jack outlet using an Ethernet wire. Feed the cable through the outlet aperture and down into the lower level if you’ve drilled through the floor to access your Internet equipment. If you’ve drilled through the ceiling, it’s best to start at your networking center and direct the wire down a level to the jack’s placement. To put it another way, always start at the top and work your way down.
- Keep the cable away from any concealed electrical wires, water pipes, or other equipment behind your walls or under your floor. If you must cross an electrical line for whatever reason, do it perpendicularly at a single spot to avoid possible electrical interference.
Wrap a piece of tape over the ends of the Ethernet wires to hold them together as you snake them through the wall if you’re connecting more than one to your network port.
3. Install your wall plate’s mounting bracket in the wall. Insert the rectangular plastic bracket into the hole you cut out previously after threading the loose end of your Ethernet wire through the centre. Drill the provided installation screws straight into the drywall via the molded holes at the top and bottom corners to secure the bracket.
Overtightening the installation screws might produce apparent fractures in the drywall surrounding the final wall plate, so be careful.
4. Cut the wire coming out of the outlet to 6–12 inches (15–30 cm) in length. Cut the surplus wiring using a pair of wire cutters. To guarantee a comfortable fit and avoid extra pull, aim for a clean, 90-degree cut right across the cable’s width, and leave roughly 12–1 ft (15–30 cm) of cabling hanging out of the outlet.
The ensuing stress from cutting the cable too short might harm the internal wiring or cause the whole wire to rip away from the jack over time.
Wiring Your Ethernet Cable
1. Remove the outer covering from the cable’s final 2 inches (5.1 cm). Place the cable in the right notch for its gauge size in a wire stripper. Squeeze the tool’s handles together to clamp the jaws around the cable and cut through the sheathing, then slide the cable off the loose sheathing while keeping it firm.
- On the box, you should be able to see the precise gauge of your Ethernet wire specified someplace.
- If you don’t have a cable stripper, a utility knife or pair of scissors may be used to cut through the cable wrapping. Just make sure you don’t sever or otherwise damage any of the wires.
2. Thread the exposed wires into the keystone connector’s color-coded slots. Most Ethernet cables include four pairs of wires that are all the same color. Untwist each pair of wires to separate them, then spread them out to bring them closer to their designated places. Each wire should be aligned with its matching slot and slid inside.
- Keep in mind that you’ll need to do the same thing for the other end of the cable that leads to your modem.
- Pick purchase a pre-connectorized Ethernet wire to make things a lot simpler for yourself. This style of cable already has keystone connector ends that will fit into your new jack, allowing for simple plug-and-play installation.
T568A and T568B are the two common layouts for connecting Ethernet wires. The wire configuration differs somewhat between the two standards, but you may use either one as long as both ends of the cable are wired to the same standard.
3. Using a 110 punch-down tool, force the wires down into their slots. Push straight down with the pointed end of the tool aligned with the top of the first slot. As you do so, the forked prongs will seat the wire tightly at the bottom of the slot, allowing conductivity to pass through sheathing. Rep this procedure for each of the remaining seven wires.
- Many modern punch-down tools automatically clip the extra wire at the slot’s edge. If yours doesn’t, just take your wire cutters and clip the wires as near as possible to the connection.
- Using a punch-down puck to support the keystone connection while you work may be beneficial. During crimping, a punch-down puck is a sort of stabilizer base that keeps tiny connection heads in place.
4. Connect the wired connection head to the wall plate’s backside. Snap the protective cover plates onto the top or bottom of the connection head if your keystone connector comes with them. Then, on the side facing the inside of the wall, put the connection into the wall plate. There will be a click to indicate that the connection is secure.
- Make sure you choose a cover that’s made for keystone connections. Your cable will not fit otherwise.
- Before continuing on, you may use a cable tester to double-check that your Ethernet cable and keystone connection are correctly connected. That way, if you have connection troubles later, you won’t have to dismantle the outlet.
5. To finish the installation, place the wall plate over the jack mounting bracket. Install the provided installation screws into the wall plate’s top and bottom holes. Tighten them using a power drill or a screwdriver within the mounting bracket’s corresponding holes. To go online, give the wall plate a short shake to ensure it’s safe, then connect to your computer or router.
Remember to vacuum up any loose drywall or other debris that has landed on the floor in front of the outlet.