How to get rid of stinkhorn fungus
The stinkhorn fungus is really a kind of mushroom. The Phallaceae and Clathraceae families include a variety of stinkhorns. A slender, light mushroom with a bulbous head is the most frequent form. If you have stinkhorns on your land, you may get rid of them by either uprooting the mushrooms or destroying them with bleach or lime. However, before trying to exterminate the mushrooms, evaluate if it would be wiser and simpler to leave the fungus alone. The stinkhorns are not venomous, yet they are very difficult to destroy. Mushrooms can survive even the most ferocious killing efforts. Stinkhorns may be useful to the soil in your garden, and they only stay for a few days.
Uprooting Stinkhorn Fungus
1. Remove the mushroom by digging it out from its base. Do not merely cut off the mushroom’s above-ground section; instead, dig underneath it until you’ve scooped out the mushroom’s egg-shaped base. Dig under any adjacent round white egg-shaped growths, since these will soon be new stinkhorns. Place the foul-smelling substance that has been removed in a plastic bag.
- Put on a pair of inexpensive latex disposable gloves if you don’t want to get your hands filthy (and stinky) from the stinkhorn. Put them in an airtight plastic bag and dispose of them as soon as you’ve finished killing the mushrooms.
2. Remove the surrounding dirt. There might be spores or other developing mushrooms in the soil immediately around the mushroom you’ve removed, so dig up the top layer of soil in a 6-inch radius around the mushroom. Remove any fungus that grown in a medium other than soil, such as tree bark, mulch, or other loose decaying plant debris, using the shovel.
- Put the excavated dirt (or other material) and the stinkhorn fungus in a plastic bag. Then, tightly close the bag.
3. Set the bag out for garbage pickup. Do not mix discarded fungus stuff with yard garbage since spores might escape and grow new mushrooms if the bag ruptures or opens.
- If mushrooms reappear after these methods, you may need to use a chemical agent.
4. Spray the area with a fungus killer that is safe for the environment. This ensures that the mushroom and its surrounding spores are completely dead. Allow the afflicted area to absorb sunshine and dry after administering the fungus killer spray as instructed on the label. The spray should help reduce the likelihood of recurrence.
A safe, nontoxic fungus killer spray should be available at your local plant nursery or gardening shop.
Killing Stinkhorn Fungus with Bleach or Lime
1. Combine bleach and boiling hot water. Begin in your kitchen by bringing water to a boil in a big pot on the burner. Then, pour bleach into your yard or garage. Add about the same quantity of bleach as you did of water (e.g., 4 cups of each) to get a 1:1 mixture.
- When dealing with bleach, wear clothing that you don’t mind spoiling since the bleach will take the color from any garment it comes into contact with. Consider using eye protection (such as safety goggles) to prevent getting bleach in your eyes.
- Be warned that using bleach or lime to remove mushrooms will most likely hurt (and perhaps kill) other plants in the vicinity. Your soil will also be harmed by the chemicals.
2. Pour the solution over the fungus. Don’t wait for the solution to cool down; do it while the water is still hot. The combination of boiling hot water and strong bleach should destroy any remaining stinkhorns and prevent new mushrooms from developing in the soil.
- If you opt to dig up the stinkhorns first, just pour the hot bleach solution over the whole area from where you dug up the stinkhorns.
3. Lime should be sprinkled over the mushrooms and surrounding soil. If you haven’t been able to get rid of stinkhorn mushrooms, lime may aid by making the soil inhospitable to the fungus. Spread the lime over the stinkhorn fungi-producing soil region using a shovel or trowel. Because lime is a corrosive material, use caution while handling it.
- Lime should be available at your local hardware shop, plant nursery, or gardening center.
- Read the directions on the packaging before adding the lime to the soil. Before putting down lime, you may need to dampen the soil.
Identifying Stinkhorn Fungus
1. Examine the mushroom. If you’re dealing with a stinkhorn, this shouldn’t be too difficult. Stinkhorns are a nasty fungus, and their odor is similar to that of excrement or a dead and rotting animal.
- Although stinkhorns have an unpleasant odor, they are not dangerous to people or pets. Stinkhorn fungus are not harmful to your pets or other plants in their area.
- Stinkhorns utilize their foul odor to attract flies. Flies land on the mushroom, take up spores on their legs and bodies, and carry these sports with them wherever they travel. So, if you detect a swarm of flies surrounding a particular mushroom, you could be dealing with a stinkhorn.
2. Look for areas that are wet or mulch-covered. If you believe you have a stinkhorn, make sure the habitat it’s growing in matches the kind stinkhorns love. Although stinkhorn mushrooms favor wet places and mulched patches of earth, they may grow in a variety of habitats. Stinkhorns, like other fungi, may grow from the wood of dead and rotting trees.
- Stinkhorn fungus grows naturally throughout virtually all of North America and into Central America. Some species favor subtropical and tropical climates, which include sections of Mexico.
3. Examine the mushroom. The most common stinkhorn fungus (“Phallus ravenelii”) has a phallic form and a light white stem. The mushroom is normally 10–15 cm (4–6 inches) tall, with a cap at the apex measuring 1–4 cm (0.4–1.6 inches) in diameter. The cap is slimy and dark brown in color, with a gritty texture. The tall, cream-colored stem of the mushroom has a spongy touch.
- A white ring-like circle with an aperture at the top of a stinkhorn mushroom’s brown cap may be found at the very tip of the mushroom’s brown cap.
4. Identify other stinkhorn fungus. In North America, there are around 25 different varieties of stinkhorn fungus. The majority, such as “Phallus ravenelii,” have a narrow stalk with a bulbous, slimy head that contains the spores. Colors vary, but many stinkhorns are pink or reddish. The mushrooms’ shape and size might also vary. Most mushrooms are 2–6 cm (0.8–2.4 inches) tall, while some species may reach 15 cm (6 inches).